Defining Religion


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B

Beelzebub (Baalzebub)

Lord of the flies, one of the Philistine gods worshiped at Ekron. In the New Testament the name is applied by the Pharisees to Satan, the prince of the devils (Matthew 12:24-28; Mark 3:22-26; Luke 11:15-20).

Begotten

The English word begotten (past participle of beget) means to be fathered by. When the term is used of Jesus, it is describing the eternal relationship in the Trinity between the person of God the Father and the person of God the Son, the relationship sometimes referred to as the eternal generation of the Son.

Benediction

the pronouncement of a blessing. We close our worship services with a benediction. We generally use the Aaronic blessing-"The Lord bless you and keep you. . . ." (Numbers 6:24-26) or the apostolic blessing-"The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. . . ." (2 Corinthians 13:14).

Born Again

converted, regenerated, quickened; a person is born again when the Holy Spirit creates faith (often called new life) in his heart through the means of grace, the gospel in Word and Sacraments.

C

Call

an invitation from God through a group of Christians to carry out in their name and on their behalf a portion of the work God has given the church to do.

Called

an adjective describing one who has received an invitation from God through a group of Christians to carry out in their name and on their behalf a portion of the work God has given the church to do.

Called Worker

an individual who has received and accepted an invitation from God through a group of Christians to carry out in their name and on their behalf a portion of the work God has given the church to do.

Calvinism

the developed teachings or theological system of the reformer John Calvin (1509-1564) as presented in the various Reformed confessions of the 16th and 17th centuries and briefly summarized with the acrostic T.U.L.I.P ? Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, Perseverance of the saints.

Chancel

the area around the altar in a church building from which the presiding minister leads the worship service. The chancel is also called the sanctuary or apse.

Charismatic Movement

a movement arising in the mid 20th century that emphasizes the experience of the so-called Baptism in the Holy Spirit and consequent charismatic gifts like speaking in tongues, faith-healing, and prophesying. This movement is separate from Pentecostalism in that it has arisen in the form of small groups within non-pentecostal churches. (see Pentecostalism)

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